Health and Safety Update - March 17th, 2020

Furnace and Air Conditioner - How Do They ACTUALLY Work?

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Furnace and Air Conditioner - How Do They ACTUALLY Work?

Posted On: February 14, 2018

Furnace and Air Conditioner - How Do They ACTUALLY Work?

If you do not have any prior knowledge of them, heating and cooling systems are quite complex equipment to deal with. So, if you have not been trained to work on them, it is likely that you will have many questions concerning your air conditioner, furnace, heat pump, and other HVAC equipment. Don’t worry – we are here to help you! 

Furnace: How Does It Work? 
Most people have the idea that furnaces heat homes or businesses, but they have some questions as to how exactly it is done. Furnaces heat a home or a business by warming air and circulating it into the indoor living or work areas. Furnaces can be electric or powered by a heating fuel such as natural gas, oil, or propane. 

In a gas furnace, the system’s ignitor or pilot light fires up the burners in the combustion chamber. These burners produce heat and move into the heat exchanger. The heat then is transferred to the air cycling through the furnace. The heated air is then moved by the system’s blower through the duct system and into a home or business. 

In an electric furnace, on the other hand, the electricity starts the heating process rather than the ignitor or pilot light. Heating elements warm the air instead of a gas burner. Air passes through the electric resistance coils of the heating element, and heat is transferred to the air supply. The blower circulates the heat to interior areas. 

Air Conditioner: How Does It Work? 
There are many users who have HVAC questions about how an air conditioner actually works. This cooling equipment is made up of four elements: the compressor, evaporator, condenser, and expansion device. Indoor air circulates through the system by passing over the evaporator coil which is located inside homes. Inside the evaporator coil is the refrigerant which absorbs heat from the air, and then transforms from liquid to vapor. 

Vaporized refrigerant then moves to the compressor, and this is located outside. The compressor compresses the vapor, thus increasing temperature and pressure. Next, the refrigerant moves to the condenser. The condenser now condenses the refrigerant gas back into its liquid form, allowing heat to radiate out. The metal fins that surround outdoor components allow the heat to be dispersed into the outdoor air quickly. 

The refrigerant moves back to the interior system in a cooled state, still in liquid form. The expansion device now regulates the refrigerant flow going into the evaporator coil. 

Once the heat is extracted from the air in the evaporator coil, the blower then will move the cooled air back into the interior spaces. This process is repeated until the desired temperature has reached the indoors. 

For your HVAC needs and inquiries, our team of experts here at Twintech Heating and Cooling are more than willing to help! Visit our website today or give us a call. 
 



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See What Our Customers Are Saying:

by Rita, Scarborough on Twintech Heating and Cooling
We were so pleased with their service

When our old oil furnace finally broke down we decided it was time to finally convert to natural gas and finally install central air conditioning at the same time. Knowing it was going to be a significant investment for us, we wanted to make the right choice. Twintech came highly recommended by a friend and we were not disappointed. From the first contact with the salesperson, until the final touches on the installation, we were so pleased with their service. Everyone from the company was so friendly, efficient and a pleasure to deal with. Best of all, the cost was very competitive. We would certainly recommend Twintech to anyone requiring HVAC work in their home.

by Bob S, Pickering on Twintech Heating and Cooling
We found him to be friendly, conscientious & he left the work area clean!

Mitch from Twintech came out for our annual furnace inspection. We found him to be friendly, conscientious & he left the work area clean. We were also very impressed with the thoroughness of the job he did. This is the 2nd job we’ve had Twintech do for us & have been very happy with the results for each. We highly recommend this company. Thank you, Mitch, Dave & Greg.

by Brent L on Twintech Heating and Cooling
Very happy with the end result!

Work was done on schedule, professionally, according to quote and with minimal inconvenience to building users. Very happy with the end result. The only area for improvement from my experience - need more timely quoting process.

by Karen on Twintech Heating and Cooling
They stand by their products and are a pleasure to deal with!

The team was great! Very knowledgeable, professional and extremely helpful. A few days after install the unit didn’t seem to be working, user error, but within minutes of contacting them..on a Saturday.. a tech was on the phone troubleshooting with us. I highly recommend Twintech for your cooling or heating needs. They stand by their products and a pleasure to deal with.

by Rob on Twintech Heating and Cooling
Within a couple of hours, we had a new unit up and running!

During the hottest week in the summer our old A/C decided to call it quits. I called Twintech Heating & Cooling after receiving a referral from a family member; came highly rated for being an honest, family-run business, who appreciates their customers. Dave was able to accommodate my hectic schedule and book a late evening appointment to walk through the specifics. Greg and Mitch arrived exactly on time a few days later, were very polite and friendly, and within a couple of hours had a new unit up and running. I also received a follow-up call to ensure we were happy with the Amana.

by Linda Robinson on Twintech Heating and Cooling
I'm so glad I decided to go with Twintech!

They were on time and very professional. I'm so glad I decided to go with Twintech, thanks!

by Famcam1953 on Twintech Heating and Cooling
What was promised, was delivered at a cost-effective price point.

Timely and appreciated - this was during the hottest days this year when our Air and Furnace way.
Efficient. Professional. No BS or overselling. What was promised, was delivered at a cost-effective price point.
Down to earth.

by DG Sellers on Twintech Heating and Cooling
Professionally done and took care to cover all entry floors

Professionally done and took care to cover all entry floors to the house for the installers to remove the old furnace and install a new furnace.
I also made recommendations of the tankless water heater that we had installed and items to address. We did not know they also installed tankless water heaters.

by Bill, Pickering on Twintech Heating and Cooling
Proud to support this local company

Price was not the cheapest nor the most expensive of my quotes. It's the quality of the installation that makes for a good AC system. The twins' knowledge & professionalism was evident in the small details:
Very clean work. Greg made sure that the refrigerant level & temperature were correct. They reinstall the insulation & vapor barrier around the wall. The outside electrical cords were secured to the wall. Proud to support this local company. Thank you.

by Taz on Twintech Heating and Cooling
Arrived on time worked very efficiently and were very clean

Great team of guys came to do the work. Very professional. Arrived on time worked very efficiently and were very clean. They answered any questions we had without hesitation. The air conditioner works great and is so quiet. I highly recommend them and they don't try to up-sell anything right from the start.

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